Neurology Disorders » Headache

What are Headaches?

Headaches are a common complaint which can range anywhere from slight pain to completely debilitating.  Most people have suffered symptoms of headaches once in their life, and half of adults will have a headache in any given year.

Headaches may be caused by underlying medical conditions such as  high blood pressure, or caused by stress or certain triggers.  They can have a significant effect on daily functions such as work or school.

What are some general signs of Headaches?

Headaches will typically cause pain in the head, but there are unique signs and symptoms depending on the type of headache.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Diagnosis of headaches begin with a thorough history and physical examination.  Questions may be asked regarding severity of pain, frequency of attacks, family history, hormonal changes and possible triggers.  Physical exams will be able to determine possible causes of the headache.  In addition, imaging and blood work is available for further testing.

Treatment of headaches depends on the cause and symptoms.  Over the counter medications such as Aspirin or Ibuprofen may be able to alleviate occasional tension headaches.  But for more severe and persistent headache, there are more treatment options available.

Specific Headache Disorders:

• Cluster Headaches
• Tension Headaches
• Migraines
• Migraines with Aura
• Exertional Headaches
• Hypnic Headaches
• Secondary Headaches due to various conditions such as tumors, medication, substances, hormones, injuries or infections.

Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders:

• Pain in head ranging from mild to severe
• Sensitivity to sound, light and odors
• Blurred vision
• Chronic Fatigue
• Difficulty in concentration
• Dizziness
• Nausea
• Bright flashing of lights, or jagged lines
• Difficulty sleeping
• Irritability

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