Mental Health » Sleep Disorders

What are Sleep Disorders?

Patients suffering from sleep-wake disorders generally have difficulty with the quality, amount, and timing of their sleep. Often, the lack of sleep at night causes distress during the day and can impair performance at work, school, or just in daily life. Sleep disorders can also contribute to development of anxiety, depression, difficulty with memory, and the lack of sleep itself can promote further mental illness.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

After a careful clinical evaluation, we can diagnose which sleep disorder is affecting you. We use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy targeted at sleep difficulty using varied techniques including the use of sleep diaries, sleep schedule modification, and sleep hygiene improvement. We also use medication when necessary as an adjunctive treatment. Improving sleep is often the first step to an overall wellness plan, and if you are suffering from any of the above sleep disorders, please contact us for an evaluation and to begin treatment.

Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Disorders:

Although individual sleep disorders have different symptoms, they share the common features of daytime distress and impaired functioning.

Insomnia Disorder:

• Poor sleep quality or quantity
• Distress or impairment in social, academic, occupational, or other areas of functioning due to poor sleep
• At least 3 nights/week and for at least 3 months

Hypersomnolence Disorder:

• Excessive sleepiness despite at least 7 hours of sleep
• Recurrent sleep episodes during the day
• Main sleep period of more than 9 hours that is unrefreshing

Narcolepsy:

• Recurrent periods of irrepressible need to sleep, falling asleep, or napping at least 3 times per week over the past 3 months.
• Brief loss of muscle tone caused by laughter or joking.

Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders:

• Sleep disturbance due to an alteration in circadian rhythm system
• Excessive sleepiness or insomnia

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