WHAT ARE COGNITIVE DISORDERS?
Cognitive disorders or Cognitive Impairment encompass a wide range of neurological conditions. Disordered thinking may be the harbinger of a neurodegenerative disorder or may be an early manifestation of a stroke or even psychosis. Often times, cognitive disorders can arise from lesions in the frontal lobes of the brain. Alzheimer’s disease, tumors, strokes, multiple sclerosis, trauma and toxic drug-induced states may be the culprit.
Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative dementia sub-types are progressive, irreversible brain diseases that lead to a decline in memory and other cognitive functions sufficient to impact activities of daily living. While Alzheimer’s disease is the most common dementia, mixed dementias are becoming increasingly recognized
Our providers can diagnose cognitive impairment by evaluating a person’s cognitive and behavioral changes, considering all the possible causes and talking with the person about the severity and frequency of the symptoms. Although the person may be given a number of tests to help assess their symptoms, there is no specific test that can diagnose mild cognitive impairment. If mild cognitive impairment is suspected, a number of physical and cognitive tests will most likely be performed.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF COGNITIVE DISORDERS
Missed office appointments
Calls office frequently or inappropriately
Confused, forgetful or less compliant about medications
Defers to family member in answering questions
Has suffered a stroke
Unexplained falls and fractures
Frequent emergency room visits
Experiences late life depression, or delirium
Patient is unable to recall treatment instructions or recommendations from prior visits or
Presents signs of self-neglect (e.g., hygiene, grooming, unexplained weight loss).
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