Alcohol Addiction is when an individual has a repetitive and excessive drinking pattern no matter what the consequences or extent of harm caused. Alcohol Addiction is a psychological process and often emerges at the same time as Alcohol dependence which is a physiological process.
Psychological, genetic, and environmental factors play crucial roles in the development of the disease. Alcohol addiction is said to have occurred in an individual when they binge drink or consume heavy quantities of alcohol and have trouble staying sober for a long time. If a person suffers from the social, relationship, or workplace problems due to alcohol consumption, they must seek help through a rehabilitation centre for alcohol to recover from the illness.
Alcohol addiction statistics show that medication-assisted treatment combined with psychotherapy is the best treatment for someone looking to recover from alcoholism, as it can alleviate alcohol withdrawal symptoms to ensure a smooth recovery. Alcohol withdrawal can be anxiety-ridden, emotionally taxing, depressing, and even life-threatening.
There is always help for addiction, and medically assisted treatment can be particularly effective for alcohol addiction treatment. There are several medications commonly used in medication-assisted treatment for alcohol abuse:
Disulfiram — This medication treats chronic alcoholism. It is most effective in people who have already gone through detoxification or are in the initial stage of abstinence. This drug is offered in a tablet form and is taken once a day. Disulfiram should never be taken while intoxicated, and it should not be taken for at least 12 hours after drinking alcohol.
Acamprosate — This medication is best for people in recovery who have already stopped drinking alcohol and want to avoid drinking. It has not been shown to work in people who continue drinking alcohol, consume illicit drugs, and/or engage in prescription drug misuse and abuse. It works to prevent people from drinking alcohol, but it does not prevent withdrawal symptoms after people drink alcohol. It is offered in tablet form and taken three times a day, preferably at the same time every day.
Naltrexone — When used as a treatment for alcohol dependency, naltrexone blocks the euphoric effects and feelings of intoxication. This allows people with alcohol addiction to reduce their drinking behaviors enough to remain motivated to stay in treatment, avoid relapses, and take medications. Learn more about how naltrexone is used to treat alcohol dependency.
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